Deep Core Dating and Circular Reasoning
Even many evolutionists ruefully admit that this charge is undeniable with regard to the circularity invoked in dating rock layers. Some of the following quotes are as cited in Morris, and Snelling, The series of quotes begins with a vivid illustration of this circular reasoning in action. In some cases darwinists have recognized circularity as a typical problem in evolutionary models and worked to avoid it. This time interval was from million years ago. Strangely, little effort has been made to test this assumption. This failure leaves the method vulnerable to circularity. Scientists have determined the relative times of appearance and disappearance of many kinds of organisms from the location of their fossils within the sedimentary rock layers. It is almost the first thing I teach my first-year students. Ever since William Smith at the beginning of the 19th century, fossils have been and still are the best and most accurate method of dating and correlating the rocks in which they occur.
How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?
What the Theory of Evolution Says. In his pioneering work On The Origin of Species , Charles Darwin believed that scientists would find fossils showing transitions from one kind of animal to another. Darwin assumed that strata layers of sedimentary rock are thick, continuous, and old with the oldest records in the lowest layers and the youngest in the uppermost layers.
Life forms would be preserved in those layers having the same age as the life forms; hence, similar histories of strata in different locations, species emergence, transition forms, and extinction records could be correlated. Darwin was influenced by a geologist of his day, Sir Charles Lyell, who argued that the earth was quite old and that geology is explained by uniform gradual, not catastrophic, process currently observed.
That is called uniformitarianism.
The rocks are dated by the fossils and the fossils are dated by the rocks. Circular By doing so, we are guilty of circular reasoning if we then say the fossil record.
Here are two examples of mine. One evening in the Namib desert I needed to get to the main coast road, which lay due west, as quickly as possible. So I left the road and followed tracks. I used the evening star Jupiter to guide me. However I ended up looping the loop, but finally got to the mainroad — in pitch dark of course. Another was hill-walking in the Great Welsh Desert near Rhayader. There the hills go up to ft and are flatish moorland.
Up I went and got into thick mist. Out came the compass and soon I was at the summit of Gorllyn, which few ever climb.
26 Circular Reasoning
Radiometric dating , radioactive dating or radioisotope dating is a technique which is used to date materials such as rocks or carbon , in which trace radioactive impurities were selectively incorporated when they were formed. The method compares the abundance of a naturally occurring radioactive isotope within the material to the abundance of its decay products, which form at a known constant rate of decay.
Together with stratigraphic principles , radiometric dating methods are used in geochronology to establish the geologic time scale. By allowing the establishment of geological timescales, it provides a significant source of information about the ages of fossils and the deduced rates of evolutionary change.
Radiometric dating is also used to date archaeological materials, including ancient artifacts. Different methods of radiometric dating vary in the timescale over which they are accurate and the materials to which they can be applied.
The series of quotes begins with a vivid illustration of this circular reasoning in “Often, the layers of rock can be dated by the types of fossils they contain.
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The problem of circular reasoning in dating the rocks
Evolutionists have been dating the fossils by the assumed evolutionary timetable they have imposed on the rock sequences and then dating the rocks by the index fossils found in them. Although this line of thought is completely unsound, both geology and paleontology use it extensively. The succession of organisms has been determined by a study of their remains embedded in the rocks, and the relative ages of the rocks are determined by the remains of organisms that they contain.
Circular Reasoning. In Geology. Evolutionists have been dating the fossils by the assumed evolutionary timetable they have imposed on the rock sequences.
The belief that species were immutable productions was almost unavoidable as long as the history of the world was thought to be of short duration; and now that we have acquired some idea of the lapse of time, we are too apt to assume, without proof, that the geological record is so perfect that it would have afforded us plain evidence of the mutation of species, if they had undergone mutation.
We cannot disprove the postulate that the universe was created one second ago, complete with all our apparent memories of our own earlier days, or that it was not created in B. But that would not make sense, and we must pretend, at least, that both we and the universe are sane. George Wald, Scientific American , vol. Time is in fact the hero of the plot.
The time with which we have to deal is of the order of two billion years. What we regard as impossible on the basis of human experience is meaningless here. Given so much time, the “impossible” becomes possible, the possible probable, and the probable virtually certain. One has only to wait: time itself performs the miracles.
Carl O. Inasmuch as life has evolved gradually, changing from age to age, the rocks of each geologic age bear distinctive types of fossils unlike those of any other age. Conversely, each kind of fossil is an index or guide fossil to some definite geologic time
Fossil dating circular reasoning. What is a commercial example of a circular reasoning?
Evolutionists have long insisted that the main evidence for evolution is the fossil record. However this involves circular reasoning. That is, the fossil evidence that life has evolved from simple to complex forms over the geological ages depends on the geological ages of the specific rocks in which these fossils are found. The rocks, however, are assigned geologic ages based on the fossil accumulations. The fossils, in turn, are arranged on the basis of their assumed evolutionary relationships.
And yet, there is really no scientific reason proving that radiometric dating is correct, and Of course, the fossil dates depend on the assumption of evolution. classic illustration of circular reasoning.5 Grand Canyon Dating Creationists have.
There are a whole lot of people out there probably the majority that believe, unequivocally, that scientists are capable of dating rocks, fossils, and the earth with a reasonable amount of certainty. So, when we hear of alternate views- such as young earth creation in which the earth is somewhere in the neighborhood of 7, years old based on Biblical chronologies- it sounds completely ridiculous to us. I mean, our middle school science books explained that scientists have methods to calculate absolute dates within an acceptable range with astounding accuracy.
It is declared- the evidence has spoken and it proclaims ages in the billions of years. As a Bible believing Christian, this leaves you with one of two options. Either the creation account in the Bible cannot be taken literally or these scientific dating methods are erroneous. For a look at the theories we Christians have come up with you can check out my article What in the World Happened Between Genesis and ?
For example, embracing evolution as Biblical means that there could not have been a literal Adam and Eve- just think about the ramifications of that on the rest of the Bible. In our newly altered reading and understanding of the text, what else do we end up compromising on?
At the very least we would expect random fluctuations if the radiometric methods were totally at sea. Meanwhile, as if nature intended to add insult to injury, the colorations were becoming more and more distinct as the years rolled by! We also assume that nuclear decay rates do not change over time.
The Geologic Column Circular Dating Catastrophism Fossils in General “Despite the bright promise that paleontology provides a means of ‘seeing’ evolution, it has presented some nasty difficulties for evolutionists, the most notorious of which is the presence of ‘gaps’ in the fossil record. Evolution requires intermediate forms between species and paleontology does not provide them Kitts, PhD Zoology Head Curator, Dept of Geology, Stoval Museum Evolution, vol 28, Sep , p “The curious thing is that there is a consistency about the fossil gaps; the fossils are missing in all the important places.
Yet Gould and the American Museum people are hard to contradict when they say there are no transitional fossils I will lay it on the line, there is not one such fossil for which one could make a watertight argument. We do not have in the fossil record any specific point of divergence of one life form for another, and generally each of the major life groups has retained its fundamental structural and physiological characteristics throughout its life history and has been conservative in habitat.
Most species exhibit no directional change during their tenure on earth. They appear in the fossil record looking much the same as when they disappear Sudden Appearance. In any local area, a species does not arise gradually by the steady transformation of its ancestors; it appears all at once and ‘fully formed’.
A Quick Case of Circular Reasoning in Evolutionary Biology
However, there is not one formation that contains all species of plants and animals together, but instead many different layers containing many different similarities of species that appear to change over time. If the fossil record looked like ICR claims, then uranium pdf never would have been found to begin with. You might argue that Scientists should date the fossils using Carbon dating like they do other more recent fossils.
Formula dating does not work for older rocks.
Image result for index fossils circular reasoning that relative geological age dating was a circular argument assuming the truth of evolution.
How are geologic column used in relative dating Then try to date sedimentary rock. When they use relative dating is different areas. When geology first proposed Relative age — the geologic column was developed when they compare relative ages of dinosaurs. Interpret the principles geologists use the same principle used primary structures to it only igneous rocks, the describe the geologic record.
Explain how do geologists first. This column. An ordered arrangement of evolution and fossils and. It to each rock by scientists look at the column and igneous rocks, is an age determination.